Military and militarism in Israel
Al-Qazzaz, A. (1973), Army and Society in Israel. The Pacific Sociological Review 16(2), 143-165.
Sheffer, G. & O. Barak (eds.) Militarism and Israeli Society. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Ben-Ari, E. (1989), Masks and Soldiering: The Israeli Army and the Palestinian Uprising. Cultural Anthropology 4(4) 372-389.
Ben-Ze’ev, E. & E. Lomsky-Feder (2009), The Canonical Generation: Trapped between
Personal and National Memories. Sociology 43(6), 1047-1065,
Carmi, S. & H. Rosenfeld (1989), The Emergence of Militaristic Nationalism in Israel. International Journal of Politics, Culture, and Society 3(1), 5-49.
Helman, S. (1999), War and resistance: Israeli civil militarism and its emergent crisis. Constellations 6(3), 391-410.
Kaplan, D. (2003), The Military as a Second Bar Mitzvah: Combat Service as Initiation to Zionist Masculinity. In: Imagined Masculinities: Male Identity and Culture in the Modern Middle East. Mai Ghoussoub and Emma Sinclair-Webb (eds.). London: Al-Saqi Books, Pp. 127-144.
Levy, Y. (2009), Is There a Motivation Crisis in Military Recruitment in Israel?,
Israel Affairs, 15:2, 135-158.
Levy, Y. (2013), Convertible Sacrifice – A Conceptual Proposition. Sociological Perspectives 56(3), 439-463.
Levy, Y., E. Lomsky-Feder & N. Harel (2007), From “Obligatory Militarism” to “Contractual Militarism”— Competing Models of Citizenship. Israel studies 12(1) 127-148.
Krebs, R (2004). A School for the Nation? How Military Service Does Not Build Nations, and How It Might. International Security 28(4) 85-124.
Mansbach, A. (2011), Drifting Away from Democracy A Micropolitical Critique of the Relation between the “I“ and the “We“ in Israel, Israel Studies Review 26(1) 130-145.
Mazali, R. (2001). “Someone makes a killing off war”: Militarization and Occupation in Israel-Palestine. Abbreviated, adapted and updated from a keynote speech at the conference: Jewish Unity for a Just Peace, May 5-7, 2001, Chicago.
Rosman-Stollman, E. & Kampinsky, A. (2014), Civil-Military Relations in Israel: Essays in Honor of Stuart A. Cohen. Lanham, Maryland: Lexington Books.
Seidman, G. (2010), From Nationalization to Privatization: The Case of the IDF. Armed Forces & Society 36(4) 716-749.
White, N. (2017). Youth for Human Rights: Rising to the Challenge of New Threats against Rights Advocacy and Institutions. Nordic Journal of Human Rights, 35:3, 295-303.
Militarism in Israeli education
Sendler, S. (2010), Israeli Schoolchildren Learn to Count with Tanks, Israel: The Only Democracy in the Middle East?
Tadmor Shimony, T. (2003), The Pantheon of National Hero Prototypes in Educational Texts Understanding Curriculum as a Narrative of National Heroism. Jewish History 17(3), 309-332.
Gender and militarism
Beinin, J. (2004), Acts of Refusal – An Interview with Rela Mazali. MERIP 231 summer.
Ben-Ari, E. (2001). Tests of soldierhood, trials of manhood: military service and male ideals in Israel. In: Maman, D., Ben-Ari, E. & Rosenhak, Z., Military, state and society in Israel. New Brunswick: Transaction publishers.
Beneria, L. & Blank, R. 1994. “Women and the Economics of Military Spending,” in: Harris, A. & King, Y. (eds.) Rocking the Ship of State: Towards a Feminist Peace Politics. Boulder, San Francisco & London: Westview Press. pp. 191-203.
Bethke Elshtain, J. 1990. “The Power and Powerlessness of Women,” in: Power Trips and Other Journeys. University of Wisconsin Press. pp. 134-148.
Baumel‐Schwartz, T.J. (2010), Female Icons of the Zionist Movement: The Making of a
National Heroine in Israel. Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions 11(3-4), 249-270.
Cock, J. 1993. “Inside South Africa’s Twilight War,” in: Women & War in South Africa. Cleveland: The Pilgrim Press. pp. 1-25.
Cohn, Carol. 1993. “Wars, Wimps and Women: Talking Gender and Thinking War,” in: Cooke, M. & Woollacott, A. (eds.) Gendering War Talk. Princeton: Princeton University Press. pp. 227-246.
D’Amico, F. 1998. “Feminist Perspectives on Women Warriors,” in: Lorentzen, L.A. & Turpin, J. (eds.) The Women & War Reader. New York: N.Y. University Press. pp. 119-125.
Elveren, A.Y. & V. M. Moghadam (2019), The impact of militarization on gender inequality and female labor force participation, Working Paper No. 1307
Enloe, C.H. 1987. “Feminists Thinking About War, Militarism and Peace,” in: Hess, B.B. & Ferree, M.M. (eds.) Analyzing Gender: A Handbook of Social Science Research. Sage Publications. pp. 526-547.
Ferguson, Kathy, E. and Turnbull, Phyllis. 1999. “Traffic in Tropical Bodies,” in: Oh, Say, Can You See?: The Semiotics of the Military in Hawaii. Minneapolis & London: The University of Minnesota Press, pp. 1-42.
Golan, G. (1997), Militarization and gender: The Israeli experience. Women’s Studies International Forum 20(5-6), 581-586.
Harders. C. (2011), Gender Relations, Violence and Conflict Transformation. Berghof foundation.
Hacker, B.C and Vining, M. (2012), A companion to women’s military history. Boston: Brill.
Hale, H.C. (2011), The Role of Practice in the Development of Military Masculinities. Gender, Work and Organization 19(6), 699-722.
Hauser, O. (2005). Doing army feeling army: women and organizational belonging in the Israeli Defence Forces
Hauser, O. (2011). “We Rule the Base Because We’re Few”: “Lone Girls” in Israel’s Military. Journal of Contemporary Ethnography 40(6) 623-651.
Higate, P. (ed.) (2003), Military Masculinities. Westport: Praeger.
Hiller, R. (2001), As Natural as Mother’s Milk – Impregnating Society with Militarism.
Hiller, R. (2001), Militarized Parenthood.
Hinojos, R. (2010), Doing Hegemony: Military, Men, and Constructing a Hegemonic Masculinity. The Journal of Men’s Studies 18(2) 179-194.
Levin, D. S. (2011). “You’re Always First a Girl”: Emerging Adult Women, Gender, and Sexuality in the Israeli Army. Journal of Adolescent Research 26(1) 3-29.
Levy, E. (1998) Heroes and helpmates: militarism, gender, and national belonging in Israel. Ph. D. dissertation, University of California, Irvine
Lomsky-Feder, E. (2005). The Bounded Female Voice in Memorial Ceremonies, Qualitative Sociology 28(3), 293-314.
Lomsky-Feder, E. & O. Sasson-Levy (2015), Serving the army as secretaries: intersectionality,
multi-level contract and subjective experience of citizenship. The British Journal of Sociology 66(1), 173-192.
Lorenz, Linda Eva (2019), The Self-Concept of Israeli Women in the Military Service, Master’s Thesis, Master of Arts in Gender Studies at the Karl-Franzens-University of Graz, Austria.
Mankayi, N. (2008), Masculinity, sexuality and the body of male soldiers. Psychology in Society 36, 22-44.
Mazali, R. (1998), Parenting Troops – The Summons to Acquiescence. In: Lorentzen, L.A & Turpin, J. (eds.), The Women and War Reader. New York: New York University Press.
Mazali, R. (2002), “And what about the girls?”: What a culture of war genders out of view. A presentation made at a joint conference of the Women’s Studies departments in Israel’s major universities and the Israel Association of Feminist and Gender Studies.
Mazali, R. (2007), Feminist Leadership in Israel in Resisting Militarism and Occupation.
Mazali, R. (2013), A Call for livable futures.
Mazali, R. (2013) “An Enhanced Supply of Babies”: The Politics of Race, Gender, and Population in Israel.
Peterson, V.S. & Sisson Runyan, A. 1993. “Gendered Divisions of Violence, Labor and Resources,” in: Global Gender Issues: Dilemmas in World Politics. Boulder, San Francisco & Oxford: Westview Press. pp. 79-112.
Rimalt, N. (2007). Women in the Sphere of Masculinity: The Double-Edged Sword of Women’s Integration in the Military. Duke Journal of Gender Law & Policy 14, 1097-1120.
Robbins, J. & U. Ben-Eliezer (2000), New Roles or “New Times”? Gender Inequality and Militarism in Israel’s Nation-in-Arms. Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State & Society, 7(3) 309–342.
Ruddick, Sara. 1998. “‘Women of Peace’: A Feminist Construction,” in: Lorentzen, L.A. & Turpin, J. (eds.) The Women & War Reader. New York: N.Y. University Press. pp. 213-226
Sasson-Levy, O. (2003). Military, Masculinity, and Citizenship: Tensions and
Contradictions in the Experience of Blue-Collar Soldiers, Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power, 10:3, 319-345.
Sasson-Levy, O. (2003). Feminism and Military gender practices: Israeli Women Soldiers in “Masculine” Roles. Sociological Inquiry, 73(3), 440-465.
Sasson-Levy, O. & Amram‐Katz, S. (2007). Gender Integration in Israeli Officer Training: Degendering and Regendering the Military. Journal of Women in Culture and Society 33(1).
Sasson-Levy, O. (2008). Individual Bodies, Collective State Interests – The Case of Israeli Combat Soldiers. Men and Masculinities 10(3), 296-321.
Sasson-Levy, O., Y, Levy & E. Lomsky-Feder (2011), Women Breaking the Silence: Military Service, Gender, and Antiwar Protest, Gender & Society 25: 740-763.
Sasson-Levy, O. (2011), Research on Gender and the Military in Israel – From a Gendered Organization to Inequality Regimes. Israel Studies Review 26(2) 73-98.
Sasson-Levy, O. (2014). Gender segregation or Women’s exclusion? The military as a case study. In: Rosman-Stollman, E. & A. Kampinsky (Eds), Civil-Military Relations in Israel: Essays in Honour of Stuart A. Cohen, Maryland: Lexington Books. Pp.147-171.
Sion, L. & Ben-Ari, E. (2009), Imagined Masculinity: Body, Sexuality, and Family among Israeli Military Reserves. Symbolic Interaction, 32(1), 21-43.
Yuval-Davis, N. (1985), Front and Rear: The Sexual Division of Labor in the Israeli Army. Feminist Studies 11(3), 649-675.
Yuval-Davis, N. (1993), Gender and nation. Ethnic and racial studies 16(4), 621-632.
Militarism, ethnicity, and class
Barak, O. & E. Tsur (2012), Continuity and Change in the Social Background of Israel’s Military Elite. Middle East Journal 66(2), 211-230.
New Profile (2013), More equal than others.
Refusing and avoiding military service in Israel
Brayer, L. (2013), Christian conscientious objectors.
Gaynor, A. (2006), “Neither Shall They Train for War Anymore”: Reflections on Zionism, Militarism, and Conscientious Objection. NWSA Journal 18(3), Feminist Perspectives on Peace and War: Before andafter 9/11, pp. 181-190.
Hiller, R. (2013), Are Israel’s Refusers Modern Day Heroes? +972 Magazine.
Hiller, R. (2012), Why I Prefer the Term Refuser to Refusenik.
Lazare, S. (2013), Nerds, Jocks & Conscientious Objectors: The Hidden World of Israel’s High School War Resisters. Yes Magazine.
Swaid, S. (2003), The Druze and military service.
Weiss, E. (2019), Struggling with Complicity – Anti-militarist Activism in Israel. Current Anthropology 60, Supplement 19, 173-182.
Elster, E. & Sorensen M.J. (2010). Women Conscientious Objectors: An Anthology. By WRI.
Lentin, R. (2004). ‘No Woman’s Law Will Rot This State’: the Israeli Racial State and Feminist Resistance. Sociological Research Online 9(3).
Mazali, R. (1999), Voting with our feet: women (and children) in Israel making new move(ment)s, f/m feminist magazine 3.
Natanel, K. (2012). Resistance at the limits: feminist activism and conscientious objection in Israel. Femenist Review 101, 78-96.
Rimalt, N. (2007), Equality with a Vengeance – Female Conscientious Objectors in Pursuit of a ‘Voice’ and Substantive Gender Equality. Columbia Journal of Gender and Law, 16(1), 97-145.
Werner, S. (2002), A letter.
About New Profile
Hiller, R (2012), Using Fear to Silence Opposition.
Hadar Meerschwam, M. (2009), Intimidation.
Naor, D, (2013), Our children and grandchildren.